for Michael Elmquist
- Staff Officer, Danish Civil Defence Admin. 1976-78Michael Elmquist started his professional career as a junior official in the Danish Civil Defence Agency.
- Staff Officer, NATO, Civil Emergency Planning
Directorate,1978-84 In September 1978, Michael Elmquist took up the position as Staff Officer, General Policy, in the Civil Emergency Planning Directorate at NATO HQ in Brussels. His tasks consisted mainly in preparing policy papers for the Senior Civil Emergency Planning Committee.
- Head of Emergency Planning Division, Danish Civil Defence
Admin. 1984-87 In 1984, Michael Elmquist returned to the Danish Civil Defence Agency where he first served one year in the planning section, then was promoted to Head of Division, responsible for national civil emergency planning. A major accomplishment was the introduction of emergency planning at the municipal level in accordance with new legislation.
- Director of Civil
Emergency Planning, Chairman of the Senior Civil Emergency Planning
Committee, NATO, 1987-94As Director of Civil Emergency Planning,
NATO, Michael Elmquist was responsible for overall coordination of NATO
assistance to the former Soviet Union in the Winter of 1991/92. Based on this
experience, he became proponent for cooperation between NATO and the former
Warsaw Treaty countries in the field of civil emergency planning. He also
initiated cooperation between NATO and DHA in disaster management, and
organised the NATO arrangements for the December 1992 Brussels Workshop on the
Use of Military and Civil Defence Assets (MCDA) in Disaster Assistance.
- Senior Humanitarian
Affairs Officer, United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs
(DHA) Geneva, 1994-1996Within DHA, Michael Elmquist became responsible for the implementation of
the MCDA training and exercise programme, for the monitoring of natural
disasters in Europe and the CIS, and, under the direction of the Under
Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs, for coordination of UN activities
related to the Chernobyl Disaster.
- Chief, Military and Civil
Defence Unit, DHA (now Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian
Affairs, OCHA) Geneva, 1996-2000On 01 March, 1996, Mr. Elmquist was
appointed as Chief of the newly created Military and Civil Defence Unit (MCDU)
which serves as a focal point for UN humanitarian agencies, donor countries,
and regional military and civil defence organizations, concerning the use of
military and civil defence resources in international humanitarian operations.
The Unit was first successfully employed in connection with the Eastern Zaire
crisis in October-December 1996 and has subsequently mobilised military and
civil defence assets in many natural disasters and complex emergencies,
including Hurricane Mitch in November 1998, the Kosovo refugee crisis in
April-June 1999, and the earthquake in Turkey in August 1999.
- Team leader for United
Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) 1994-2000 Mr. Elmquist has led international assistance missions to Russia (oil
spill, December 1994), Greece (earthquake, June 1995), Rwanda (prison
improvement programme, September 1995), Uganda (complex emergency, December
1996), Bangladesh (cyclone, May 1997, and floods, September 1998), Afghanistan
(earthquake, June 1998), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (refugees,
April 1999), and was responsible for the establishment of Civil/Military
cooperation in East Timor, 1999. His first field assignment in the year 2000
was in Mozambique (floods, March 2000), followed by missions to the
Phillipines (Mindanao) and East Timor. In December 2004/January 2005, Mr. Elmquist took part in the major UNDAC effort in Aceh in response to the tsunami. After his return to Denmark, Mr. Elmquist led an UNDAC mission to floods in Somalia in December 2006 and to Jamaica in August 2007 following a cyclone.
- Deputy to the
Humanitarian Coordinator, and Chief, OCHA Indonesia, 2000-2005 Arriving in Jakarta in October 2005, Mr. Elmquist established the OCHA office responsible for coordination of humanitarian programmes to assist the 1.3 million internally displaced persons in Maluku, North Maluku, Central Sulawesi, West Timor, and Aceh. Mr. Elmquist supervised a staff of 30 persons (prior to the tsunami of 26 December 2004) in six different locations, launched consolidated appeals and raised all required funding for the office, initiated seminars for government officials to improve awareness of the "Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement" and issued information materials in English and Bahasa Indonesia. Immediately after the 26 December 2005, Mr. Elmquist led the initial establishment of coordination of disaster assistance in Aceh. In June 2005, his term of office came to an end.
- Senior Adviser, Danish Emergency Management Agency, 2005 -
2008 After returning to the Danish Emergency Management Agency (formerly known as the Civil Defence Agency) Mr. Elmquist led a programme of support to the establishment of civil protection systems in cooperation countries in the Balkans. This included frequent trips to Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Serbia.
- Head of Office, Joint Donor Team, Juba, Sudan, 2008 - In October 2008, Mr. Elmquist took up the position as Head of the Joint Donor Team in Juba, Southern Sudan. The team, including 10 expatriates and 15 Sudanese staff, was established as a joint representative office for Canada, Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.